umbellata (Mayr) EH Wilson is sometimes recognised on the basis of its green cones and slightly exserted bracts whereas the typical form has purple cones (Debreczy, Z. Endemic to Japan occurring in central Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku where it forms an important part of temperate Japanese montane forests. All rights reserved. 2007). Expand. Abies homolepis Siebold & Zucc. Tsumura, Y., Y. Suyama 1998. & I. Racz 2011). For copyright and licence information, see the Licence page. post There are currently no active references in this article. A true fir with needles that turn yellow-green with the cold temperatures of winter. Nikko fir . State documented: documented However, most localities are now at least protected from logging. 1882, 82 × 81⁄4 and 82 × 71⁄2 ft (1964); Bodnant, Denbigh, 87 × 71⁄2 ft (1966). If that is the case then it would not be eligible for the IUCN Redlist as that excludes natural hybrids. E. Nikko fir. Accessed 2020-11-01. It occasionally bears good crops of its rich purple cones, and is then very beautiful. We depend on Abies homolepis, commonly called Nikko fir, is native to mountainous areas of Japan. An Abies homolepis in nahilalakip ha genus nga Abies, ngan familia nga Pinaceae. in part by the National Science Foundation. No serious insect or disease problems. Abies homolepis, as described in 1842 by Philipp Franz von Siebold (1796–1866) and Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini (1790–1848), in Flora Japonica 2, is commonly known as Nikko fir; as well as ウラジロモミ (urajiro-momi) in the Japanese language.

Image Tom Christian. Nikko Fir. Principal photography was generously donated by Janice LeCocq Photgraphy, Additions to the International Conifer Register, 111 by 11 feet, 9 inches (33.3 x 3.52 m) at Taymouth Castle, Perthshire, Scotland (1983), 88 by 5 feet (26.4 x 1.5 m) at Rochester, New York (ca. There are also some younger specimens in the Scottish botanical gardens from cultivated origins. All Characteristics. Evolution 52(4):1031-1042. GROWTH SHAPE: Broad Upright or Oval Image Tom Christian. Near the tree limit it forms either pure stands, or mixtures with A.veitchii and/or Larix kaempferi, but at lower elevations it occurs in the mixed coniferous deciduous forests, with e.g. Abies homolepis. The bark is flaky on younger specimens and thus similar to the bark of many species in the genus Picea. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Debreczy, Z. a sighting. Habitat. It typically grows 30-50’ tall with a pyramidal habit. I selected the best one, and … Abies bracteata. Image Tom Christian. Taxonomic notes Description "A pyramidal tree 25-40 m. tall, 1-5 m. in girth, with horizontal branches. var. GROWTH SIZE: Intermediate: 6 to 12 inches (15 – 30 cm) per year / 5 to 10 feet (1.5 – 3 m) after 10 years, Explore trinomials in the Abies homolepis species, Sign up for our free quarterly E-newsletter List. & Zucc. Native to central Japan, Nikko fir is partial to the edges of swamps and moist forests in our region. 1916, 82 × 7 ft (1979); Abbotsbury, Dorset, 102 × 63⁄4 ft (1980); Westonbirt, Glos., in Loop Walk, pl. To reuse an (intentionally or Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Common names. Philipp Franz Balthasar von Siebold first introduced this conifer into cultivation in Holland 1859-60 and first planted in North America on or before 1870. It is also a popular forest tree since it is resistant to air pollution.


2019, Abies homolepis, from the website: ‘Threatened Conifers of The World’ (https://threatenedconifers.rbge.org.uk/conifers/abies-homolepis). Abies homolepis, commonly called Nikko fir, is native to mountainous areas of Japan. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Rating Content; Positive: On Jun 29, 2017, cceasyrider from York, PA wrote: I grew seed of Abies homolepis, sowing them back in 1976. Conifers around the world. There is no special protection system for this species. Near Threatened due to past decline resulting from the replacement of natural forests with plantations and reduced regeneration due to Sika deer browsing. 5 (-10 to -20 F / -23.3 to -28.9 C), HORTICULTURAL STATUS: RHS Accepted Genus COLOR: Dark Green Young shoots are light yellow-grey, hairless and notably grooved with a needle in the middle of … September 2013. 2020 umbellata is generally more written about than grown, and is probably of limited horticultural difference to the type. 1981). Siebold et Zuccarini 1842.

A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. Abies homolepis 'Wintergold' Nikko Fir Needles (to 1.25” long) are glossy dark green above and have two white stomatal bands beneath. [3], 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T42288A2969985.en, Conifers Around the World: Abies homolepis - Nikko Fir, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abies_homolepis&oldid=982908696, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 03:06. Discover thousands of New England plants. The dark, narrow, densely columnar tree in the centre is the Abies homolepis 'unlike any other' at the eastern end of Loch Tay, Perthshire, Scotland.
Article from New Trees, Ross Bayton & John Grimshaw. This species was described by Bean (B156, S26) and Krüssmann (K36).

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2020. Budapest: DendroPress Ltd. Katsuki, T., Zhang, D, Rushforth, K. & Farjon, A. 2013. specimens: Wakehurst Place, Sussex, pl. September 2013. to exist in the county by donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Abies concolor: 2- to 3-year-old branches lacking a prominent groove (vs. A. homolepis, with 2- to 3-year-old branches with a prominent groove). Abies homolepis. Bark grayish-brown, with exfoliating scales. Description. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link in the footer of our emails. Also covers Image Tom Christian. The winged seeds are released when the cones disintegrate at maturity about 6–7 months after pollination. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Published on the internet. Note the ascending branches and branchlets in the crown. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Purplish cones (to 4” long).Genus name is an ancient Latin name for a tree described by Pliny around 77 A.D.Specific epithet refers to the cone scales, which are of the same kind and size. Abies homolepis seed cones, photographed in the Ohdaiga-hara mountains, Honshu, Japan. It grows at altitudes of 700–2,200 m, often in temperate rain forest with high rainfall and cool, humid summers, and heavy winter snowfall. 3.  Note: when native and non-native Nikko fir wood is used for general structural timber. Abies homolepis, the Nikko fir[2] (in Japanese ウラジロモミ, urajiro-momi) is a fir native to the mountains of central and southern Honshū and Shikoku, Japan. It typically grows 30-50’ tall with a pyramidal habit. Cones 3 to 4 in. Needles (to 1.25” long) are glossy dark green above and have two white stomatal bands beneath. Abies firma replaces A. homolepis below 1,100 m. Nikko fir is not an important timber tree as its range is limited and it occurs at high altitudes. A true fir with needles that turn yellow-green with the cold temperatures of winter. Non-native: introduced A. homolepis f. tomomi (NOW A. homolepis Siebold & Zucc. The undermost leaves are the longest, and they spread horizontally; above them each succeeding rank becomes smaller and more erect, leaving at last a very narrow, or scarcely perceptible V-shaped opening along the top. The dark, narrow, densely columnar tree in the centre is the Abies homolepis 'unlike any other' at the eastern end of Loch Tay, Perthshire, Scotland.

The shoots are yellow-buff, glabrous, and often conspicuously grooved. Leaves 1⁄3 to 11⁄8 in. This species was described by Bean (B156, S26) and Krüssmann (K36). Needles are slightly notched at the tip. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Also covers those considered historical (not seen Native of Japan; introduced about 1870. var.

The Go Botany project is supported Your help is appreciated. homolepis in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Abies homolepis var. is shown on the map. 1880, 85 × 71⁄2 ft (1977); Stanage Park, Glos., pl. 1981). This remains densely clad with branches and foliage, and although a fine tree, is decidedly sombre. All images and text © Abies homolepis In the southern part of its range, it occurs from 1,100 m to 1,800 m a.s.l., in Honshu between 700 m and 2,000 m. The climate is cool and humid. Nikko Fir (Abies homolepis, in Japanese ウラジロモミ, urajiro-momi) is a fir native to the mountains of central and southern Honshū and Shikoku, Japan.It grows at altitudes of 700-2,200 m, often in temperate rain forest with high rainfall and cool, humid summers, and heavy winter snowfall.. the state.

Thrives in cool climates, and does not grow well south of USDA Zone 6. populations both exist in a county, only native status Its glossy, dark-green needles have two white "racing stripes" on the underside. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. long, 11⁄4 to 11⁄2 in. Currently listed as Near Threatened due to past decline resulting from the replacement of natural forests with plantations and reduced regeneration due to Sika deer browsing. long, about 1⁄16 in. The cones are 6–12 cm long and 3–4 cm broad, purple-blue before maturity; the scale bracts are short, and hidden in the closed cone. Image Tom Christian. It is in leaf all year, in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen in October. & I. Racz 2011.

Mag., t. 7114.


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