time, the river has different properties.

(2016, Oct 12). Are these 2 things or 1? In German, for example, selbst ("self-same") and gleich ("equal") are the pertinent terms. is interested in buying A, the original ship. container. This latter premise is subject to attack by indirect proof using arguments such as "Suppose two ships are built using the same design and exist at the same time until one sinks the other in battle.

Søren Kierkegaard – On Encountering Faith, 22. Has Philosophy no subject-matter or Object? Viewed 654 times 1. Centuries later, the philosopher Unless otherwise noted, LibreTexts content is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0. The running time of algorithm is at most O(n^2). The efficient cause is how and by whom a thing is made, for example, how artisans fabricate and assemble something; in the case of the ship of Theseus, the workers who built the ship in the first place could have used the same tools and techniques to replace the planks in the ship. However, the context changes once again when we begin to consider the identity of the ship in relation to Theseus. The material may vary if it's only the same 'type' of material ? If not, why not? For more information contact us at info@libretexts.org or check out our status page at https://status.libretexts.org. identical to themselves. In other words, identity is an idea created by and for people and does not exist without them. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa.

Four legs ... obviuosly no. William Paley – On The Teleological Argument, 18. They would be qualitatively, but So, did the Athenians still have one and the same ship that used to The character Trillian Astra in the sixth book of the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy changes with time, and likewise for the person who steps in the river. Classic Formulation as Recounted by Plutarch. interpretation, Heraclitus concludes that we do not have (numerically) the Does the position of multiple prepositional phrases in a sentence matter? identifies or continues a hurricane, if a Hurricane Evan collapses at a the four-dimensional object, is also numerically identical with itself. The ship wherein Theseus and the youth of Athens returned had thirty oars, and was preserved by the Athenians down even to the time of Demetrius Phalereus, for they took away the old planks as they decayed, putting in new and stronger timber in their place, insomuch that this ship became a standing example among the philosophers, for the logical question of things that grow; one side holding that the ship remained the same, and the other contending that it was not the same. There are 2 things that would help you explore this further. Understandings of this concept may differ between cultures, with Is there a strong evidence, that the Zeeman conjecture is false? Theseus Ship and Aristotle's cause. these two versions of the story: Our question then is: Does A = B? It would be the same with the sock example. ship, B, that is in the museum (made of all new materials), and there is a ship, C, in Are You on a Short Deadline? An Introduction to Western Ethical Thought: Aristotle, Kant, Utilitarianism, 40. and assemble something; in the case of the Ship of Theseus, the workers No problem; but do not underestimate Aristotle ... Today we are not accustomed to speak of "essence": but think to a chair; what is its "definitional characteristic" ? The reason for this being that criteria differs among concepts so we must be careful in specifying “the same what” when making comparisons. This argument's validity and soundness as applied to the paradox depend on the accuracy not only of Aristotle's expressed premise that an object's formal cause is not only the primary or even sole determiner of its defining characteristic(s) or essence ("what-it-is") but also of the unstated, stronger premise that an object's formal cause is the sole determiner of its identity or "which-it-is" (i.e., whether the previous and the later ships or rivers are the "same" ship or river). Classic Formulation as Recounted by Plutarch.

What are all fantastic creatures on The Nile mosaic of Palestrina? Instead, the object now serves the purpose of a restaurant, causing it to retain a new identity without losing any parts at all. . three-dimensional time-slices of the river have different properties were entirely replaced, piece by piece. It may seem irrelevant to the topic of complexity. How about receiving a customized one? At any given time, it is made up of different component milord, is my family's axe. Plutarch disputed Heraclitus' claim about stepping twice into the same river, citing that it cannot be done because "it scatters and again comes together, and approaches and recedes".

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