[72][73], The first memorials at Old Trafford to the lost players and staff were unveiled on 25 February 1960.

An investigation by West German airport authorities originally blamed Thain, saying he did not de-ice the aircraft's wings, despite eyewitness statements indicating de-icing was not necessary. Please continue to respect all commenters and create constructive debates.

Players: Roger Byrne (club captain); Mark Jones; Duncan Edwards; Tommy Taylor; Eddie Colman; Liam Whelan; David Pegg; Geoff Bent. Winning the First Division title again that season meant qualification for the 1957–58 tournament, and their cup run in 1956–57 meant they were one of the favourites to win. Harry (Henry) Gregg, footballer and manager, born 27 October 1932, died 16 February 2020, Gregg had a huge impact on the United defence.

It took 10 years for the club to recover, with Busby rebuilding the team and winning the European Cup in 1968 with a new generation of "Babes". The flight stopped to refuel in Munich because a non-stop flight from Belgrade to Manchester was beyond the "Elizabethan"-class Airspeed Ambassador's range. The remaining places in the team were filled by reserve players including Shay Brennan and Mark Pearson. [91], On 6 February 2008, the England national football team took on Switzerland at Wembley Stadium. Sir Matt Busby had a team at his disposal built mainly of … The most insightful comments on all subjects will be published daily in dedicated articles. The 21st victim was Frank Swift, a journalist and former goalkeeper who played with Busby at Manchester City; he died on his way to hospital. In the 1953/54 season he made his name in a more forward role and won his first cap for his country, only to become a centre-back by the time the 1956/57 campaign came round. [40] Rayment was trapped in his seat by the crumpled fuselage and told Thain to go without him. He was soon noticed by Manchester United manager Matt Busby and, in December 1957, with the Red Devils having lifted the First Division championship for two consecutive seasons and already engaged in their second successful European campaign, the 25-year-old became, at a cost of £23,500, the world’s most expensive goalkeeper. There was also a tribute to the Busby Babes in the match programme. Some of those fortunate to escape with their lives went on to become some of the most successful figures in the history of Old Trafford, from manager Matt Busby to former record scorer Bobby Charlton, while the likes of Albert Scanlon and Dennis Viollet also continued their careers at the top. [41] He felt blood on his face and "didn't dare put [his] hand up. After refuelling, pilots James Thain and Kenneth Rayment twice abandoned take-off because of boost surging in the left engine. [33] The plane threw up slush as it gathered speed, and Thain called out the plane's velocity in 10-knot increments. [100] Fans in attendance were given commemorative scarves – in red and white for the United fans, and sky blue and white for the City fans – which were held up during the silence.[101]. Fearing they would get too far behind schedule, Captain Thain rejected an overnight stay in Munich in favour of a third take-off attempt. The Munich Air Crash – Victims and Survivors Twenty-three people on board the Elizabethan charter aircraft G-ALZU lost their lives in the Munich air crash on February 6, 1958. The Old Trafford faithful have been blessed with some incredible wingers down the years, from George Best and Ryan Giggs to David Beckham and Cristiano Ronaldo. Despite this conclusion, the German airport authorities took legal action against Captain Thain, as the one pilot who had survived the crash. The Manchester Evening News reported on 22 April 2005 that the survivors had not been consulted and were concerned about how accurate the film would be. The trip took its toll on the players and they drew 3–3 with Birmingham City at St Andrew's three days later. After beating them 2–1 at Old Trafford on 14 January 1958, the club was to travel to Yugoslavia for the return leg on 5 February. The original plaque was stolen in the 1980s and replaced by a replica now behind the counter in the press entrance.

[107], Bill Foulkes said that, if done right, the film could become a "tribute to the Busby Babes which could be seen for generations to come"; however, he expressed concerns about the accuracy of the film, given the filmmakers' lack of first-hand sources about what actually happened in Munich. The team’s confidence, which had slipped a notch or two before the team shake-up, burgeoned anew and in February 1958 the future beckoned alluringly. Manchester United's Duncan Edwards sent a telegram to his landlady in Manchester. [32], Rayment moved the throttle forward slowly and released the brakes; the plane began to accelerate, and radio officer Bill Rodgers radioed the control tower with the message "Zulu Uniform rolling". [88] The club has also received criticism from some quarters for its poor treatment of the survivors: Johnny Berry was forced to leave the flat he rented from the club to make way for a new player. [87], Martin Edwards was criticised for turning the match into a publicity stunt, while Elizabeth Wood, the divorced wife of Munich survivor Ray Wood, compared the treatment of the Munich victims to that of "dancing bears at the circus". [81], In late 1997, John Doherty (a former United player who had left the club shortly before the disaster)[82] approached club chairman Martin Edwards on behalf of the Manchester United Former Players' Association to request a testimonial for those victims of the Munich disaster – both the survivors and the dependants of the ones who were lost. They also held the Charity Shield and had just advanced into their second successive European Cup semi-finals. [64] In the aftermath of the crash, Manchester United's fierce rivals Liverpool offered United five loan players to help them put a side together. Representatives from both teams laid floral tributes to those who lost their lives, with crash survivor and United director Bobby Charlton joined by Bolton president Nat Lofthouse in leading out the two teams. Our journalists will try to respond by joining the threads when they can to create a true meeting of independent Premium. There were 21 survivors.By clicking on each of the links below you can find out more information about each person, including, where available, where they are buried. [66] United goalkeeper Les Olive, still registered as a player at the time of the disaster, retired from playing and took over from Crickmer as club secretary,[66] while another former United goalkeeper, Jack Crompton, took over coaching duties after United chairman Harold Hardman had negotiated with Crompton's then-employers Luton Town for his release. [74] This third version was constructed by stonemasons Mather and Ellis from Trafford Park, and the second was put into storage. Red Star Belgrade and Bayern Munich were touted as possible opponents for the match, and fans purchased tickets without the opponents even having been decided. [29], A few of the players were not confident fliers, particularly Liam Whelan, who said, "This may be death, but I'm ready". He also managed to save some passengers, among them teammates Bobby Charlton and Dennis Viollet. Journalists: Alf Clarke (Manchester Evening Chronicle); Don Davies (Manchester Guardian); George Follows (Daily Herald); Tom Jackson (Manchester Evening News); Archie Ledbrooke (Daily Mirror); Henry Rose (Daily Express); Eric Thompson (Daily Mail); Frank Swift (News of the World). Harry Gregg was a survivor of the 1958 Munich air crash. [74], There are also two memorials in Germany. [19] He shot down five German fighters, one Italian plane and a V-1 flying bomb. This was followed by a minute silence, which, despite previous concerns, was respected by all the fans. You can also choose to be emailed when someone replies to your comment. [91][95], On 10 February 2008, at the derby match between Manchester United and Manchester City at Old Trafford, both teams were led onto the pitch by a lone piper playing "The Red Flag", and the managers – Sir Alex Ferguson and Sven-Göran Eriksson – each laid a wreath in the centre circle. [37] The father and eldest daughter were away and the mother and the other three children escaped as the house caught fire. He recoiled when dubbed a hero, maintaining that he had merely reacted instinctively to an extreme situation. It was later established that the crash was caused by the slush on the runway, which slowed the plane too much to take off. First, in the Munich suburb of Trudering, on the corner of Karotschstraße and Emplstraße, there is a small wooden memorial depicting Jesus on the Cross, decorated by a stone trough filled with flowers.

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